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Ambidextrous, adj.: Able to pick with equal skill a right-hand pocket or a left. -- Ambrose Bierce, "The Devil's Dictionary"

日本药品滥用问题

美国占领日本后,把国内对待药物的态度也带到了占领区。1948 年,日本通过了《大麻控制法案》,严禁种植、出售和使用大麻。对医用大麻的限制甚至导致一些人得不到止痛药物。

另一方面,甲基安非他命这样的兴奋类药物的使用被默许。它们的用途暗合了日本社会对工作的态度。日本人可以从诊所购买到这类药物,而由于服药过量引起的死亡警察一般选择不追究,这导致日本的药物使用量和服药过量的情况可能高于官方统计数字。

人们对药物和成瘾剂的依赖和成瘾很大程度上和与社会的脱离有关。日本社会在发达国家中位于保障较好的一端,因此药物滥用情形实际上不那么严重。但是社会对药物使用者的敌视和严峻的法律制裁,可能导致药物使用者一旦被发现,就更难摆脱滥用药物的身份和行为。

A major study of people with addiction problems in Japan, published in the Japanese Journal of Alcohol Studies and Drug Dependence, found that the lonelier a Japanese person is, and the less able they are to cope with life, the more likely they are to engage in addictive behaviours or drugs.

This helps us to explain several things. The first is why, overall, Japan has relatively low levels of drug use and addiction. For all the other flaws of the society, Japan has a highly cohesive culture and an extensive welfare state, where relatively few citizens are abandoned, ignored, or written off. Japan has no ghettos – no equivalent to the places in the US, like West Baltimore, where there is a huge concentration of poverty and deprivation, providing pools of despair that are the perfect breeding ground for addiction. Japan’s low addiction rate is due to the fact that for most of its citizens, most of the time, the society looks more like Rat Park than the isolated cages the guarantee addiction.

Yet this also helps us to explain one of the most shocking facts about drug addiction in Japan today. The Japanese government’s own figures show that although addiction is relatively low, the vast majority of people who do develop addiction problems and then interact with the “system” – the state – stay addicted, and many get significantly worse. […] You will be shamed, stigmatised, and jailed, for having an addiction. A system like this only increases the pain and humiliation of people with addiction problems. This explains why so many of them continue to be addicted, or deteriorate further.

由于移民的增加,日本需要改变它对药品的态度,以免更多无法融入日本社会的移民变成药物滥用者。hari18:_japan

参考资料

Bibliography

  • [hari18:_japan] @Mischari18:_japan, author = Johann Hari, title = Japan, the place with the strangest drug debate in the world, howpublished = Online. https://www.opendemocracy.net/en/japan-place-with-strangest-drug-debate-in-world/, month = May, year = 2018, note = Accessed on 2019-03-22

Created:

Modified: 2019-04-13

History

References

Encyclopedia of SF

SF Awards DB

Internet Speculative Fiction Database